When the acquiring company knows the ratio of exchange, it can be used to find the market price ratio of exchange. The market price rate of exchange is found as follows:
(MP of acquiring company * ratio of exchange)/ MP of the target company
Where: MP refers to the market price per share.
The market price ratio of exchange indicates how much of market price per share of the acquiring firm is exchanged for every $1.00 of the market price per share of the target company.
It is normal for the market price ratio of exchange to be above 1. This is an indication that the acquiring company pays a premium above the market price to acquire a target company.
ABC (acquiring company) is acquiring BCD (target company) with the use of a stock swap transaction. ABC’s market price is $60 and BCD’s market price is $55. However, during merger negotiations, ABC agreed to a 1.5 ratio of exchange where it valued BCD’s shares at $90.
Find the market price per share in the ABC/BCD merger.
This means that ABC gives $1.6 of its market price in exchange for every dollar of the BCD’s market price.
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